Thai jasmine rice is often refered to as 'Thai Hom Mali rice' or 'Thai Jasmine Rice' and also 'Thai Fragrance Rice'. The best quality Thai Jasmine Rice are grown mainly in the north eastern provinces such as Roi Et, Ubon Ratchathani, Burirum, Sisaket, Surin and Yasothon. Due to the most suitable environment factors, such as the ample amount of sunlight throughout the year, the generous amounts of rainfall, the best quality and taste of Thai Jasmine Rice can only be grown in these provinces.
Nutritional value of one cup of cooked jasmine rice contains: 4.2 g protein, 44.5 g carbohydrates, approx 200 calories, 0.63 g fiber, 2.3 mg niacin, 0.26 mg thiamine, 1.9 mg iron and 11.8 mcg selenium. Total fats equal 0.44 g. Jasmine rice registers as a "good" source of niacin, thiamine, iron and selenium because the amounts found in the cooked product range between 10 and 20 percent of the recommended daily requirement.
This rice also provides vitamins B1 and D. Researchers at the International Rice Research Institute hope to further enrich rice with higher nutrient levels through biotechnology and improved growing methods.
Similarly, a cup of this rice contains 44.5 grams of carbohydrates that in the form of glucose provide quick energy to the body. This is especially important for athletes and sportsmen who require additional energy before and after workouts. In the case of brown jasmine rice, nutritional value in terms of fiber content is much higher than white jasmine rice.
Fiber is extremely important maintaining good colon health and reducing cholesterol levels in the body. Niacin and iron are two other important nutrients in jasmine rice. Niacin helps in converting carbohydrates into glucose, while iron is required for the production of red blood cells in the body. Jasmine rice does not contain any fats and is therefore good to be included in a weight loss diet. Its lack of fat also means it's beneficial for maintaining good cardiovascular health.
Whole grain, or brown, jasmine rice retains the bran, or outer husk, thus is more nutritious and higher in fiber than the white, water-milled version. White jasmine rice is a starchy, refined food and, as such, temporarily raises insulin and blood sugar levels. Therefore, a diet high in refined foods, such as white rice, may increase the risk of Type 2 diabetes. Brown rice, on the other hand, poses no increased risk toward this type of diabetes.
Thailand, being one of the top rice producers, the government is aware of the need to restructure production management of rice and other agricultural products to be in line with current market conditions and trends. The National Rice Policy Committee has outlined strategic development on rice market and trade policy, and has set fundamental goals for Thailand to become the leader of world's rice market through development of efficient market mechanism and cooperation with other ASEAN member countries to ensure balance between production and trade sectors. For Thailand to become a stable rice producer of the world will bring about a better livelihood of farmers, strengthen the farmer institution, and enhance fair trade system.
The government's strategies on rice are set as follows:
1) Sustainable and stable rice development plan
2) Creation of fairness in the trade system
3) Promotion and implementation of rice production and trade at a standard level
4) Capacity enhancement
5) Promote rice consumption value
6) Creation of innovation
7) Enhance capacity of logistics management.
Thailand has a clear policy on special economic zoning in order to add values to rice and other agricultural products. Thailand will act as ASEAN’s hub for value adding management and product distribution to the global market.